What is ectopic pregnancy? Questions answered on dangerous condition | Health | Life & Style | Daily Express
In the UK, around 1 in every 80 to 90 pregnancies is ectopic which equate to around 12,000 pregnancies a year.The subject has been hitting the headlines this week, after Charlotte Crosby, Geordie Shore star revealed she had recently suffered an ectopic pregnancy after falling pregnant with ex-boyfriend - Gary Beadle s baby. The 25-year-old reality TV state said during an emotional interview that she wasn t aware she was pregnant and attributed the pain to suffering a heavy period. An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilised egg implants itself outside of the womb, usually in one of the fallopian tubes.The fallopian tubes are the tubes connecting the ovaries to the womb. If an egg gets stuck in them, it won't develop into a baby and your health may be at risk if the pregnancy continues. Related articles WARNING: Exposure to air pollution could 'increase risk' of STILLBIRTH Babies 'more at risk of ADHD' if their mother smoked while pregnant GETTYEptopic pregnancies can be life threatening
It is not possible to save the pregnancy and it usually has to be removed using medicine or an operation.Dr Santamaria of IVI Fertility, has revealed about the causes, treatments and long term effects of ectopic pregnancies.Dr Santamaria said: An ectopic pregnancy it is a pregnancy that has implanted outside the uterine cavity. This mostly occurs in the Fallopian tubes but can also occur in the ovaries, inside the abdominal cavity and even in other locations of the uterus such as cervix or in the uterine wall. But the doctor said the causes of ectopic pregnancies are not cut and dried.GETTYSymptoms tend to develop between the fourth and twelfth week of pregnancy
Although causes are not fully known, a dysfunction in the movement of the Fallopian tubes, generally caused by a previous infection or inflammation, is one of the most frequent causes, she said. However, NHS Choices said pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - which is inflammation of the female reproductive system - usually caused by a s STI can sometimes cause ectopic pregnancies. Previous surgery on your fallopian tubes, fertility treatment - such as IVF and becoming pregnant while using an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system for contraception can also be risk factors. Experts say it s rare to get pregnant while using these.Smoking and being falling pregnant between the age of 35 to 40 are also risk factors. Dr Santamaria said: Ectopic pregnancies must be very carefully surveyed. In some cases, no treatment is needed as the pregnancies will stop with no intervention. However when this doesn t happen they have to be treated medically of even surgically. Maternity Style: Best dressed pregnant celebrities Thu, November 17, 2016 These mums-to-be are embracing their maternity wardrobe. Let's take a look at the best-dressed pregnant celebrities. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 45 Natalie Portman, Kimberley Walsh & Katherine Heigl show off their baby bumps
Experts say the administration of a drug called Metrotrexate is usually effective to treat ectopic pregnancies as it stops the pregnancy continuing. If this medication fails or the pregnancy becomes more developed, or if there is abdominal bleeding due to a rupture of the tubes, surgery is the best form of treatment, said Dr Sanataria. In these particular cases, ectopic pregnancies may represent a life-threatening problem and will require an emergency surgical intervention. Keyhole surgery performed under general anaesthetic is used to remove the fertilised egg - usually along with the affected fallopian tube. GETTYThere are 12,000 ectopic pregnancies in the UK every year
If ectopic pregnancy are treated in the initial stages of pregnancy and only medical treatment is required, a woman s fertility is not normally affected, said Dr Santamaria.
However, having had an ectopic pregnancy might indicate that there is a problem in the Fallopian tubes that may led to infertility. This surgical treatment for ectopic pregnancies usually consists of removing the affected tube or ovary. In some cases, when an ectopic pregnancy is implanted in the cervix, uterus or in the uterine wall, the removal of the uterus is necessary, leading to permanent infertility. NHS Choices said there aren t always symptoms to alert women they may be experiencing an ectopic pregnancy and it may only be detected during a routine pregnancy scan.
Symptoms can include a combination of a missed period and other signs of pregnancy, tummy pain low down on one side, vaginal bleeding or a brown watery discharge, pain in the tip of your shoulder and discomfort when going to the loo.However the symptoms aren t necessarily a sign of a serious problem and can be sometimes cause by other health issues such as a stomach bug.
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