Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs outside the womb (uterus).It is life-threatening to the mother.


In most pregnancies, the fertilized egg travels through the fallopian tubeto the womb (uterus). Anything that blocks or slows the movement ofthis egg through these tubes can lead to ectopic pregnancy:Birth defect in the fallopian tubesScarring aftera ruptured appendixRuptured appendix


Appendicitis is swelling (inflammation) of the appendix. The appendix is a small pouch attached to the large intestine.Read Article Now Book Mark Article EndometriosisEndometriosis


Endometriosis is a female health disorder that occurs when cells from the lining of the womb (uterus) grow in other areas of the body. This can lead...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Having an ectopic pregnancy beforeScarring from past infections or surgery of the female organs


The following also increase your riskof an ectopic pregnancy:Age over 35Getting pregnant while having an intrauterine device (IUD)Had surgery to untie tubes (tubal sterilization)to become pregnantHaving had many sexual partnersSome infertility treatmentsHaving your tubes tied (tubal ligation) - more likely 2 or more years after the procedureHad surgery to untie tubes in order to get pregnant


The most common site for an ectopic pregnancy is within one of the two fallopian tubes. In rare cases, ectopic pregnancies can occur in the ovary, abdomen, or cervix. Cervix


The cervix is the lower end of thewomb (uterus). It is at the top of the vagina. Itis about 1 inch long. The cervical canal passes through the c...Read Article Now Book Mark Article


This article discusses vaginal bleeding that occurs between a woman's monthly menstrual periods. Such bleeding may be called "intermenstrual bleedin...Read Article Now Book Mark Article Low back painMild cramping on one side of the pelvisNo periodsPain in the lower belly or pelvic area


If the area aroundthe abnormal pregnancy ruptures and bleeds, symptoms may get worse. They may include:Fainting or feel faintIntense pressure in the rectumLow blood pressurePain in the shoulder areaSevere, sharp, and sudden pain in the lower abdomen


HCG is a hormone normally produced during pregnancy. Checking the blood level of this hormone (quantitative HCG blood test) can diagnose pregnancy. If the blood level of HCG is not rising fast enough, your doctor may suspect an ectopic pregnancy.Quantitative HCG blood test


A quantitative human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test measures the specific level of HCG in the blood. HCG is a hormone produced in the body during...Read Article Now Book Mark Article


Ectopic pregnancy is life-threatening. The pregnancy cannot continue to birth (term). The developing cells must be removed to save the mother's life.


You will need emergency medical help if the area of the ectopic pregnancy breaks open (ruptures). Rupture can lead to bleeding andshock, an emergency condition. Treatment for shock may include:Blood transfusionFluids given through a veinKeeping warmOxygenRaising the legs


If there is a rupture, surgery is done to stop blood loss and remove the pregnancy. In some cases, the doctor may have to remove the fallopian tube.


If the ectopic pregnancy has not ruptured, treatment may include:SurgeryMedicinethat ends the pregnancy, along with close monitoring by your doctor


One outof three women who have had one ectopic pregnancy are later able to have a baby. Another ectopic pregnancy is more likely to occur. Some women do not become pregnant again.


The likelihood of a successful pregnancy after an ectopic pregnancy depends on:The woman's ageWhether she has already had childrenWhy the first ectopic pregnancy occurred


Most forms of ectopic pregnancy that occur outside the fallopian tubes are probably not preventable. But a tubal pregnancy may be prevented in some cases by avoiding conditions that might scar the fallopian tubes. The following may reduce your risk:Practicing safer sex by taking steps before and during sex, which can prevent you from getting an infectionPracticing safer sex


Safe sex means taking steps before and during sex that canprevent you from getting an infection, or from giving one to your partner.Read Article Now Book Mark Article Getting early diagnosis and treatment ofall infections caused by sexual relations (STDs)Stopping smoking


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOGPractice Bulletin No.94: Medical management of ectopic pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2008;111:1479–1485. Reaffirmed 2012.


Houry DE, Salhi BA. Acute complications of pregnancy. In: Marx JA, ed. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2009:chap 176.


Lobo RA. Ectopic pregnancy: Etiology, pathology, diagnosis, management, fertility prognosis. In: Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Katz VL, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 17.


BACK TO TOPAllVideoImagesTogPelvic laparoscopy - illustration Laparoscopy is performed when less-invasive surgery is desired. It is also called "band-aid" surgery because only small incisions need to be made to accommodate the small surgical instruments that are used to view the abdominal contents and perform the surgery.Pelvic laparoscopy


illustrationUltrasound in pregnancy - illustration The ultrasound has become a standard procedure used during pregnancy. It can demonstrate fetal growth and can detect increasing numbers of conditions in the fetus including meningomyelocele, congenital heart disease, kidney abnormalities, hydrocephalus, anencephaly, club feet, and other deformities. Ultrasound does not produce ionizing radiation and is considered a very safe procedure for both the mother and the fetus.Ultrasound in pregnancy


illustrationFemale reproductive anatomy - illustration External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.Female reproductive anat...


illustrationUterus - illustration The uterus is a hollow muscular organ located in the female pelvis between the bladder and rectum. The ovaries produce the eggs that travel through the fallopian tubes. Once the egg has left the ovary it can be fertilized and implant itself in the lining of the uterus. The main function of the uterus is to nourish the developing fetus prior to birth.Uterus


illustrationUltrasound, normal fetus - foot - illustration This is a normal ultrasound of a fetus at 19 weeks gestation. The right foot, including the developing bones, are clearly visible in the middle of the screen.Ultrasound, normal fetus...


illustrationEctopic pregnancy - illustration An ectopic pregnancy is one in which the fertilized egg implants in tissue outside of the uterus and the placenta and fetus begin to develop there. The most common site is within a Fallopian tube, however, ectopic pregnancies can occur in the ovary, the abdomen, and in the lower portion of the uterus (the cervix).Ectopic pregnancy


illustrationPelvic laparoscopy - illustration Laparoscopy is performed when less-invasive surgery is desired. It is also called "band-aid" surgery because only small incisions need to be made to accommodate the small surgical instruments that are used to view the abdominal contents and perform the surgery.Pelvic laparoscopy


illustrationUltrasound in pregnancy - illustration The ultrasound has become a standard procedure used during pregnancy. It can demonstrate fetal growth and can detect increasing numbers of conditions in the fetus including meningomyelocele, congenital heart disease, kidney abnormalities, hydrocephalus, anencephaly, club feet, and other deformities. Ultrasound does not produce ionizing radiation and is considered a very safe procedure for both the mother and the fetus.Ultrasound in pregnancy


illustrationFemale reproductive anatomy - illustration External structures of the female reproductive anatomy include the labium minora and majora, the vagina and the clitoris. Internal structures include the uterus, ovaries and cervix.Female reproductive anat...


illustrationUterus - illustration The uterus is a hollow muscular organ located in the female pelvis between the bladder and rectum. The ovaries produce the eggs that travel through the fallopian tubes. Once the egg has left the ovary it can be fertilized and implant itself in the lining of the uterus. The main function of the uterus is to nourish the developing fetus prior to birth.Uterus


illustrationUltrasound, normal fetus - foot - illustration This is a normal ultrasound of a fetus at 19 weeks gestation. The right foot, including the developing bones, are clearly visible in the middle of the screen.Ultrasound, normal fetus...


illustrationEctopic pregnancy - illustration An ectopic pregnancy is one in which the fertilized egg implants in tissue outside of the uterus and the placenta and fetus begin to develop there. The most common site is within a Fallopian tube, however, ectopic pregnancies can occur in the ovary, the abdomen, and in the lower portion of the uterus (the cervix).Ectopic pregnancy


Related Posts:

Signs & Symptoms of Ectopic and Tubal Pregnancy
Ectopic Pregnancy: Managing Methotrexate Side Effects - WellSpan Health
Abdominal Pregnancies - Inspire
What are the symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy? - Pregnancy, Fertility & Childbirth - Sharecare
Ruptured Ectopic Pregnancy Emergency - Signs and Symptoms